1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Education is all about learning, acquiring knowledge, and improving one's skills. It is crucial to the pace of social, political, and economic development. Effective teaching is important in education since it assists pupils in improving. Teachers nowadays give students with a variety of learning strategies. The new curricular trend, as well as a spate of innovations, result in significant changes in education.
There is a greater emphasis nowadays on improving students' attitudes toward learning, academic accomplishment, and the development of 21st Century learning skills.
The term "21st-century skills" refers to a comprehensive collection of information, skills, work habits, and character qualities that are seen to be vital to success in today's society, notably in post-secondary programs and current jobs and workplaces, and may be utilized in all academic subject areas as well as in all educational, occupational, and civic contexts throughout a student's life. To compete in today's wealthy and global economy, 21st-century abilities are required, including the ability to handle complex issues, cooperate and communicate effectively with others, independently learn new skills and knowledge, and adapt to fast changing circumstances. As a result, educational institutions all across the globe should be able to offer 21st-century abilities to their students via formal schooling. P. Moqaddam (2016) defines formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formal
Traditional teaching methods, such as lectures, explanations, and exercises, are undeniably important for professional development. However, because of student capacities, the limitations of traditional teaching methodologies are much more acutely felt. As a consequence, there is need to adopt the contemporary teaching method. Contemporary teaching is defined as the implementation of learning activities based on the experiences of students. It is used to represent a wide variety of instructional characteristics aimed at integrating the current world into the classroom and meeting the needs of students in the digital age. Modern education places a premium on the student's independent activity, the organization of self-learning, and practical training. Students may choose from a variety of activities and use their own initiative.
Modern teaching methods are becoming more group-focused and inquiry-driven. Laptops and tablets, videoconferencing, and podcasts in the classroom are all key components of today's teaching methods. The process of adopting the ideas and philosophies of educators before us and mixing them with your own ideas and beliefs to produce a new way of educating the future generation is known as contemporary teaching techniques. Coaching and test preparation using rubric scaffolding are all targeted at increasing student engagement and teaching method (Ellaine O. 2019). Teachers are seeking to establish how each student should match the teachings taught to the highest level of accomplishment possible. Students are thought to be exposed to a range of learning circumstances in order to strengthen their critical thinking abilities; the more worried they are, the more they learn. Teachers in the modern day strive to improve student performance. They assisted students in making several learning decisions, such as selecting strategies, resources, and evaluation systems (Ramos 2015). Over the last decade, there has been growing excitement for a shift in viewpoint from a teacher-centered to a student-centered mode of instruction. Nowadays, instructional strategies are used to expose pupils to diverse learning styles. All of this method is aimed to remind pupils of their learning and to pique their dynamic interest in school. Video displays, active conversation, modeling, and role-playing for learners are examples of tactics used today. These tactics will assist pupils in learning and comprehending in a variety of areas. There are various teaching aids available today, such as a white board, overhead projector, multimedia, PowerPoint, computer aided (CD ROMs), and web-based learning, that may be utilized to improve learning results. As a result, the emphasis of this research is on the impact of modern teaching method on student academic achievement.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The basic goal of every level of education is to effect fundamental change in the student. . To facilitate the process of knowledge transmission, it is needful for teachers to apply appropriate teaching methods that best suit specific objectives and level in other to achieve the expected learning outcomes. In the past, many teaching practitioners used teacher-centered strategies to transmit knowledge to students rather than student-centered techniques. Until now, issues concerning the efficiency of teaching methods on student learning have continually piqued the attention of educational researchers. Furthermore, research on teaching and learning is continually attempting to determine the amount to which various teaching methods improve student learning progress.
Surprisingly, the majority of students' low academic performance is fundamentally connected to teacher’s use of inadequate teaching techniques to impart knowledge to pupils (Ellaine Obar 2019). Significant research on the efficacy of teaching methods reveals that the successes of learners often reflect the quality of teaching. However, as science and technology improve, globalization and internalization of education are seen as problems that every nation must meet. And one of the focuses of today's educational difficulties is the development of 21st-century abilities among pupils. As a result, both public and private schools must concentrate not only on transmitting the essentials, but also on ensuring that pupils obtain a suite of increasingly applicable abilities, which are made accessible via contemporary teaching methods. As a result, the purpose of this research is to investigate the impact of contemporary teaching method on students' academic performance.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The main focus of this study is to examine the effect of contemporary teaching methods on academic performance of students. Specifically it is aimed
1. To examine if contemporary teaching methods help the student’s academic performance.
2. To investigate how modern teaching methods help students in their academic performances.
3. To determine if teachers’ attitude, behaviors and the way they speak affect the student’s learning.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The following research question guide the study
1. Do contemporary teaching methods help the student’s academic performance?
2. How does modern teaching method help the students in their academic performances?
3. Do teachers’ attitude, behaviors and the way they speak affect the student’s learning?
4. Is There any significant relationship between contemporary teaching methods and higher academic performance of the student?
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The findings of this study will be helpful to teachers, parents, student and researchers in related field. To Teachers, This study will enable the teachers to be aware of the prevalent problems and enable them to apply new teaching techniques and strategies that can help students to attain higher performance in class. To students The result of the study could give them the encouragement and inspiration to appreciate the contemporary teaching methods done by the teachers. To researchers, They may gain insights on studies which may conducted in the future that will improve academic performance of students through contemporary teaching methods.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of this study borders on the effect of contemporary teaching methods on academic performance of students. It will examine if contemporary teaching methods help the student’s academic performance. It will investigate how modern teaching method help the students in their academic performances. It will determine if teachers’ attitude, behaviors and the way they speak affect the student’s learning. However the study is delimited to selected public school in Akure South in Ondo State.
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The following factors poses to be a limitation during the course of this research
Financial constraint– Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint– The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Teaching Method: The term teaching method refers to the general principles, pedagogy and management strategies used for classroom instruction. Your choice of teaching method depends on what fits you — your educational philosophy, classroom demographic, subject area(s) and school mission statement.
Contemporary Teaching Method: It is the teaching method which focuses more on teaching the students for improving their intellect behavior by using various new and innovative ideas rather than making them recite the syllabus to clear the examination with the same old style.
Academic performance:Academic performance is the measurement of student achievement across various academic subjects. Teachers and education officials typically measure achievement using classroom performance, graduation rates and results from standardized tests.
Learning Outcome:Learning outcomes are statements that describe the knowledge or skills students should acquire by the end of a particular assignment, class, course, or program, and help students understand why that knowledge and those skills will be useful to them.
Ramos, A. (December 2015). Methods and Teaching Strategies Used by Teacher Education Faculty Members in one State University in the Philippines. Retrievedfrom http://www.apjmr.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/APJMR-2015-3.5.3.05.pdf
Moqaddam, P. (June 2016). Investigating the Effect ofModern Teaching Methods on Students' EducationalP rogress (Case Study: Sama1 Boys Elementary School,Ghaemshahr City). Retrieved fromhttps://www.mcser.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/view/9237
Ellaine Obar (2019) The Positive Effect of Contemporary Teaching Methods in the Academic Performances of Senior High School Students in Mount Carmel School of Maria Aurora, Inc. retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/40729853/
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