hello@iresearchng.com Opening: Mondays - Sundays: 24hrs


Project Research
Pages: 50
1-5 Chapters
Abstract Available
APA 7th Edition
48 Hours
NGN 3,000

Project Research Pages: 50 Quantitative Percentage/Frequency 1-5 Chapters Abstract Available APA 7th Edition 48 Hours NGN 3,000

Get this Material Now
Project Research Pages: 50 Quantitative Percentage/Frequency 1-5 Chapters NGN 3,000 Abstract Available APA 7th Edition 48 Hours


Chapter one


1.1       Background of the study

The problem of sexual harassment has received the attention of scholars from a variety of life domains (see Branderburg, 1982; Gutek, 1993; De Coster et al., 1999; Prentice and Carranza, 2002; Schultz, 2003; Maass et al., 2003; Berdahl, 2007; Dobbin and Kelly, 2007; Dobbin, 2009; Menon et al., 2011), scholars from a variety of life The search for modernity, which Dikecligil (1998) defines as an ideology that encompasses democracy in politics, capitalism in the economy, positivism in research, and so on, seems to have influenced its escalation in underdeveloped societies by acculturation. Modernity begins with the Enlightenment and represents a break with the past. It typically necessitates a transition from conventional to modern (Aysu, 2006). The ideas inherent in the capitalist economy pushed women to renounce their traditional duties in the home in exchange for equal employment opportunities with men (Kofi, 2010). Prior to acculturation, women's positions in society remained confined to their husbands' households. They were doing a good job at home, caring for the children and the elderly (Anugwom et al., 2010). Traditional civilizations must not have experienced severe difficulties with sexual harassment at that time since women's responsibilities were constrained. Women are not only chastised for lacking the intelligence, knowledge, and competence required to successfully lead any organization by males when they enter the workforce; they are also not seen as equal partners and serious employees. Instead, they are seen as sexual objects to be gratified (Hartmann, 1981; Kofi, 2010). Unwanted sexual advances, requests for sexual favour, and other verbal or physical conducts of a sexual nature are defined as sexual harassment when submission to or rejection of such conducts directly or indirectly affects a person's employment or education, unreasonably interferes with a person's work or educational performance, or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work environment. The level to which this problem is escalating in workplaces is widespread. Mann and Roberts (2006)

1.2       Statement of the problem

In recent years, studies have been published in Nigeria to address the social problem of sexual harassment in the workplace (Yahaya, 1990; Ladebo, 2003; Adedokun, 2005; Yusuf, 2008; Kofi, 2010; Ige and Adeleke, 2012), but there is very little literature on its endemic nature in academia, where moral excellence is expected to be taught, imbibed, and displayed (Yahaya, 1990; Ladebo, 2003; Ad (Adamolekun, 1989; Ladebo, 2003). While a few studies have focused on the prevalence of sexual harassment in public universities (Yahaya, 1990; Oppong, 1995; Aluede, 2000; Ezumah, 2004; Fayankinnu, 2004; Irtwange, 2004; Pereira, 2004; Adedokun, 2005; Okoro and Osawemen, 2005; Omolola, 2007; Noah, 2008; Okeke, 2011; Chukwudi and Gbakorun, 2011; To put it another way, there are no studies looking at the prevalence of sexual harassment in the industry. Although a similar study was recently conducted in one of the country's Private Christian Mission Universities (Crawford University) by Ojo, (2013), it focuses on the "Assessment of the Acceptance of Rape Myths among Nigerian University Students: Crawford University in Nigeria under Survey" and lacks knowledge on female students' experiences. Furthermore, the research does not indicate whether female students report incidents of sexual assault to the school administration. Finally, the survey does not include information on the number of employees who have been accused of sexual harassment and the disciplinary measures taken against them. As a result, we hope to go beyond the reach of the previous study by filling in these information gaps. Because accusations of sexual harassment have not been investigated at Nigeria's private faith-based universities, this study might be highly important.


I.         To determine how frequently male students are sexually assaulted.

II.      To find out whether students report sexual harassment to authorities.

III.   To determine the severity of the penalty meted out to abusers.

IV.   To assess the effect of sexual harassment on the studies of students.


i.         How frequent do male students get abused?

ii.      Do students report cases of sexual harassment to authority?

iii.   What are the penalties given to abusers?

iv.   What effect do sexual harassment have on students study?


This research would benefit university students because it would help authorities to handle harassment cases, and university counsellor would learn how to interact with students who are victims of sexual harassment with the help of this study material. Finally, this research work would greatly benefit students and scholars who would like to do such research.


This research examines the impact of sexual abuse on Nigerian university students and how it is dealt with, as well as the penalties imposed and the authorities' response. The research is carried out by gathering knowledge from university of Calabar students.


The study was constrained by time as well as a lack of research materials, and students were hesitant to share their individual experiences.


sexual harassment: Sexual harassment involves the unwanted and improper offer of benefits in return for sexual favours, as well as the usage of explicit or implied sexual overtones.


Adamolekun, O. (1989). Sexual harassment on campus: A counsellor‟s

reflection. Nigerian Journal of Counselling and Development, 4,


Adedokun, A. O. (2005). Sexual Harassment in Nigerian Educational Setting:

Preliminary Notes from a Qualitative Assessment of Lagos State

University, Sexuality in Africa Magazine, 2.

Aluede, O. O. (2000). Sexual harassment of women employees in a Nigerian

University: Implications for Counsellors. Guidance & Counselling, 15,

2, 27–32.

Berdahl, J. L. (2007). The Sexual Harassment of Uppity Women. Journal of

Applied Psychology, 92, 2, 425–437.

Branderburg, J. B. (1982). Sexual harassment in university: Guideline, or

establishing–Grievance procedure Signs. Journal of Women in

Culture and Society, 8, 320 - 336

Chukwudi, F and Gbakorun, A. A. (2011). Indecent Dressing and Sexual

Harassment among Undergraduates of Nasarawa State University,

Keffi. Journal of Sociology, Psychology and Anthropology in Practice, 3, 2, 25-31

De Coster S., Estes, S. B., and Mueller, W. C. (1999). Routine activities and

sexual harassment in the workplace. Work and Occupations, 26,


Dikecligil, Beylu. (1998). “Dunya Modernizm Diyerek Donuyor.” Yeni

Turkiye. Cumhuriyet Ozel Sayisi III (23-24),1644

Dobbin, F and Kelly, L. E. (2007). How to Stop Harassment: Professional

Construction of Legal Compliance in Organizations. American Journal

of Sociology, 112,1203-43.

Ezumah, N. (2004). Understanding Sexual Harassment in Institutions of

Higher Learning in Nigeria, The Nigerian Social Scientist, 7, 2,19-23.

Fayankinnu, E. A. (2004). Ethics and Sexual Harassment in Staff/Students

Relations: Who Harasses Who? The Nigerian Social Scientist, 7, 2,


Gutek, B. A. (1993). Changed women and changed organizations:

Consequences of and Coping with Sexual Harassment. Journal of

Vocational Behavior, 42, 28-48.

Ige, A. Y & Adeleke, I. A (2012). Evaluating The Role Of Culture On Sexual

Harassment: The Case of Nigerian Organisations. Retrieved from

Google Search<


lekeIA%2520ILERA.pdf> November 21, 2013

Irtwange, S. V. (2004). Learning Character and University of Agriculture,

Makurdi. An Unpublished Internal Memo, Student Affairs Department,

University of Agriculture , Makurdi, Nigeria

Kofi, J. (2010). Sexual Harassment in the Workplace: A Case Study of  Nigeria. Gender and Behaviour, 8, 1

Ladebo, O. J. (2003). Sexual Harassment in Academia in Nigeria: How Real?

African Sociological Review, 7, 1, 1-34.

Ladebo, O. J. (2003). Sexual Harassment in Academia in Nigeria: How Real? African Sociological  Review, 7, 1, 1-34.

Menon, J. A., Shilalukey Ngoma. M. P., Siziya, S., Musepa, M., Malungo, J., Serpell, R. (2011).  Sexual Harassment in Academia - Perception, Understanding and Reporting of Sexual  Harassment in a Southern African University. Journal of Peace, Gender and Development  Studies, 1, 1, 8-14.

Noah. Y. (2008). Experience of sexual harassment at work by female employees in a Nigerian work environment. International NGO Journal, 3, 7, 122-127.

Ojo, M.O.D. (2013). Assessment of the Acceptance of Rape Myths among Nigerian University Students: Crawford University in Nigeria under Survey. Psychology and Social Behavior Research, 1, 4: 98-104.

Omolola, J. S. (2007). The Intellectual Dimensions of Corruption in Nigeria. African Sociological Review, 11, 2, 29-41.

Okeke, C. M. A. (2011). Impact of Sexual Harassment on Women Undergraduates' Educational Experience in Anambra State of Nigeria. PhD Dissertation, Seton Hall University.

Okoro, F. I and Osawemen, O. (2005). Sexual Harassment: The Experience of Out-Of-School Teenagers in Benin City, Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 9, 3, 8-20.

Oppong, C. (1995). A high price to pay: For education, subsistence and a place in the job market. Health Transition Review (Supplement), 5, 35–56.

Pereira, C. (2004). Sexual Harassment in Nigerian Universities: Exploring Practice, Ethics and Agency, The Nigerian Social Scientist, 7, 2, 2-12.

Prentice, D. A and Carranza, E. (2002). What women and men should be, shouldn‟t be, are allowed to  be, and don‟t have to be: The contents of prescriptive gender stereotypes. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 26, 269– 281.

Roberts, B. S and Mann R. A. (2006). Sexual harassment in the workplace: A primer. University of Akron. Retrieved from yahoo search<http://www3.uakron.edu/lawrev/robert 1.html> July 23,  2013

Schultz, V. (2003). The Sanitized Workplace. Yale Law Journal 112: 2061-193

Yahaya, L. A. (1990). Age, Religion and Students '/Lecturers' perception of Sexual harassment: A case   study of University of Ilorin." Ilorin Journal of Education, 10. Retrieved from Google Search< www.Ilorin.edu.ng/unilorin/journals/education/ije/passed issues. php. Assessed 3/9/2010.








Students love us

How to get the complete project material
Payment Process
Make a transfer or bank deposit into the following account
Account Details
0022412235 - Stanbic IBTC
0304595960 - GT Bank
0099318980 - Diamond/Access Bank
Account Name: 1kDEAL HUBLET
After Payment
Kindly text your topic, email address & your payment name to 08101444147
How will i get the material after payment?
A download link will be sent to your email address.

Discover our additional services
Change of case study
Change of time frame
Update of references
Change of Data Analysis
Change of Source Code

Related Project Topics

Projects By Departments

Search Project Topics!

Get project material instantly!